SLEEP(9) BSD Kernel Manual SLEEP(9)
sleep, tsleep, wakeup - process context sleep and wakeup
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/proc.h> int tsleep(void *ident, int priority, const char *wmesg, int timo); void sleep(void *ident, int priority); void wakeup(void *ident);
These functions implement voluntary context switching. tsleep() and sleep() are used throughout the kernel whenever processing in the current context can not continue for any of the following reasons: • The current process needs to await the results of a pending I/O operation. • The current process needs resources (e.g., memory) which are temporarily unavailable. • The current process wants access to data structures which are locked by other processes. The function wakeup() is used to notify sleeping processes of possible changes to the condition that caused them to go to sleep. Typically, an awakened process will -- after it has acquired a context again -- retry the action that blocked its operation to see if the "blocking" condition has cleared. The bpendsleep label can be used as a break-point to debug a process com- ing back from tsleep(). The tsleep() function takes the following arguments: ident An identifier of the "wait channel" representing the resource for which the current process needs to wait. This typically is the virtual address of some kernel data structure related to the resource for which the process is contending. The same identifier must be used in a call to wakeup() to get the pro- cess going again. ident should not be NULL. priority The process priority to be used when the process is awakened and put on the queue of runnable processes. This mechanism is used to optimize "throughput" of processes executing in kernel mode. If the flag PCATCH is OR'ed into priority the process checks for posted signals before and after sleeping. wmesg A pointer to a character string indicating the reason a process is sleeping. The kernel does not use the string, but makes it available (through the process structure field p_wmesg) for user level utilities such as ps(1). timo If non-zero, the process will sleep for at most timo/hz seconds. If this amount of time elapses and no wakeup(ident) has occurred, and no signal (if PCATCH was set) was posted, tsleep() will return EWOULDBLOCK. The sleep() function puts the process in an uninterruptible sleep. It is functionally equivalent to: tsleep(ident, priority & PRIMASK, 0, 0) The wakeup() function will mark all processes which are currently sleep- ing on the identifier ident as runnable. Eventually, each of the processes will resume execution in the kernel context, causing a return from [t]sleep(). Note that processes returning from sleep should always re-evaluate the conditions that blocked them, since a call to wakeup() merely signals a possible change to the blocking conditions. For example, when two or more processes are waiting for an exclusive lock, only one of them will succeed in acquiring the lock when it is released. All others will have to go back to sleep and wait for the next opportunity.
tsleep() returns 0 if it returns as a result of a wakeup(). If a tsleep() returns as a result of a signal, the return value is ERESTART if the sig- nal has the SA_RESTART property (see sigaction(2)), and EINTR otherwise. If tsleep() returns as a result of a timeout, the return value is EWOULDBLOCK.
These functions are implemented in the file sys/kern/kern_synch.c.
hz(9), mi_switch(9), timeout(9) MirOS BSD #10-current June 23, 1996 1
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